Wednesday, May 18, 2005

Catia's Minor Website Review Alcohol Poisoning

Do you know about the dangers of alcohol poisoning? This website is a site of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). The NIAAA is committed to having this website accessible to all users. It provides research- based information, as well as, recommendations to the research community.
Excessive drinking can be extremely dangerous to everyone’s health. Some people enjoy the amusement they get while watching someone drunk. In reality though, that enjoyment later on could expand to the aspiration of vomit which leads to poisoning of the respiratory center in the brain, which can result in death. This website triggers topics on what happens to the body, signs of poisoning and consequences that it leads to. They go on to explain how alcohol is a depressant and takes over the nerves of which control involuntary actions. Alcohol is an irritant to stomach, so that’s why it leads to vomiting.
Some signs for alcohol poisoning are: mental confusion, irregular breathing, hypothermia, and seizures, those are just some to name a few. If someone with alcohol poisoning gets untreated, the victim chokes on his or her vomit, breathing slows, permanent brain damage can happen, or even death can occur. This website is encouraging to help people who are suspected of having alcohol abuse to seek medical help, and to be safe about their actions.

Monday, May 02, 2005

Jenn's major website review

The Bupa website disscusses many topics related to alcohol and the effects whether they are long term or short term. Although this website does not include graphics or images it makes up in informational text. This website begins with the topic of calculation. Its important to know how much alcohol has to be consumed to know what type of effects will take place. Reseachers have discovered that alcohol is considered to be a drug for the simple fact that it is addictive like most drugs.

Later in the website the short and long term effects are mentioned. People are unaware that the drinks they consume socially may have effects such as blurred vision, slurred speech and loss of balance. These effects are only the begining. They can later develop into more serious harmful disorders such as liver disorder, dead brain cells, high blood pressure and nerve damage to mention a few. Another area discussed in the website is the ever controversial topic of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Drinking during pregnancy can lead to deformities or death to the fetus. The baby may even develop a disorder most people know as fetal alcohol syndrome which is characterized by the deformities. Not only does this website mention the physical effects but it also acknowledges the psychological effects caused by heavy drinking.

Unlike most websites dedicated to the destruction of bodily organs caused by excessive drinking this website provides tips and treatment for those looking to stop and prevent further damage to their bodies. Treatment may include medication such as dislufiram and acamprosate. These medications may cause some umpleasant effects if taken with alcohol. This website literally covers all aspects of human comsumption of alcohol. Even though there aren't visual images people can still vision the effects of alcohol.

Sunday, May 01, 2005

Melissa's NIAAA weblink

Review of Major NIAAA website

NIAAA stands for National Institute On Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. The website covers the topic of alcohol and the Liver. The strengths of the website are a thorough understanding of all the aspects of how alcohol effects the liver and liver disease. Along with this there are many sublinks to graphics and diagrams that go into more detail about that particular topic and a visual to show the reader also. The only weakness I found was that there could have been some pictures and diagrams on the main page also.

Images are another way to absorb and see what is being explained. In this link a very clearly labeled diagram shows what happens to liver cells in a person when it is activated by alcohol. These cells "secrete large amounts of scar tissue and lose the majority of their vitamin A droplets." This effects a person because it interferes with that cells normal function.

NIAAA use's statistics to show the prevalence of alcohol liver disease(ALD). In the second paragraph of the main page it states that, "Approximately 10-30 precent of heavy drinkers develop alcoholic hepatitis, and 10-20 percent develop cirrhosis. In the United States cirrhosis is the seventh leading cause of death amoung young and middle-age adults." This link shows the statistics from the year of 1910 through 2001 of the death rates of liver cirrhosis of males and females in the United States.

When talking about alcohol and how it is metabolized one word comes to mind, Liver. "Most of the alcohol a person drinks is eventually broken down by the liver. However, some products generated during alcohol metabolism are more toxic than alcohol itself. In addition, a group of metabolic products called free radicals can damage liver cells and promote inflammation, impairing vital functions such as energy production. The body's natural defenses against free radicals (e.g., antioxidants) can be inhibited by alcohol consumption, leading to increased liver damage." This link breaks down the harmful byproducts resulting from alcohol metabolism in a tree like diagram.

Overall, this major website has a lot of in-depth information on alcohol and the liver.

Review by: Melissa Richard

Saturday, April 30, 2005

Catia's Minor Website

Friday, April 22, 2005

Jenn's minor website review

This particular website is actually an article that was developed by a medical student association. This website discusses almost all possible aspects of alcohol an its relationship or effects to the human body. This website begins with the process by which people consume alcohol or its route of administration. Alcohol is taken in through the mouth where it begins the process of circulating through the body. Once entering through the mouth it later passes through the small intestines directly into the blood stream. The chemical attraction between the water in our body and the hydroxl group of the alcohol is also discussed in the route of administration section.

The most critical aspect is the process of absorption. Absorption is the route in which the organ effects begin. The presence of food is the main determination of the rate in which the absorption process takes place. The absence of food in the stomach may allow the alcohol to pass into the small intestines more rapidly. If alcohol is consumed in large amounts the body begins to fight against it causing the person to vomit therefore prohibiting it from entering the intestinal tract.

This website goes in great detail the effects in which alcohol effects the physiology of our body. People today misunderstand the effect of alcohol. People drink at social occasions to have a good time but in reality the effect of alcohol is actually a depressant to the central nervous system. Consuming alcohol actually slows the function of our organs. The information in the third section describes the direct process of metabolizing the alcohol. The determination of intoxication is also determined by the presence of food. The most important piece of information is the health issues and risks that are caused with the consumption of alcohol. The secondary effects affect that of any unborn child and are considered to be less invasive symptoms of alcoholism.

Thursday, April 21, 2005

Catia's Major Website Review: Effects of Ethyl Alcohol on Organ Function

Effects of Ethyl Alcohol on Organ Function

The major website that I have chosen is General Chemistry Case Studies. In this link it describes the effects of Ethyl Alcohol on Organ functions. There will be many organ functions that I will be discussing.
Alcohol can take many effects on someone’s life. For instance the brain, alcohol can have both subtle and dramatic effects on the brain and how it functions. The damage that the brain may have due to the consumption of alcohol can make a person become violent and injure you. Alcohol acts as a depressant on the brain. Therefore, it decreases activity. Ethyl alcohol gets into the brain by means of absorption. (BAC continues to rise).
Next, is the liver, the most common cause of illness and death from liver disease from long-term alcohol consumption. It’s the primary site of alcohol metabolism. The liver is considered to regenerate itself and is the largest organ in the body. So, limited damage to the liver can go undetected. There are three major categories of liver damage. First, is the fatty liver: which means fat disposition in liver. Secondly, alcoholic hepatitis, which is inflammation and destruction of the liver, and thirdly, alcohol cirrhosis, which is the most advanced form of liver disease.
Maternal drinking and Child Development is another organ function that alcohol has an effect on. Drinking ethanol while pregnant s dangerous it’s pretty much like feeding it to the baby. The ethanol is distributed into the blood. Once it has reached that state, it influences the growth and development of the baby. The child then ends up with craniofacial features, such as, a flat nasal bridge, small eye slits, and a thin upper lip, and those are just some of features it may end up with. It also can lead to growth deficiencies. Those deficiencies include, being small for there age, or even retarded postnatal growth. This damage to the brain by the consumption of alcohol is a host of cognitive and behavioral deficits.
In summary, I have given you a brief review on how effects of Ethyl alcohol on organ function can be harmful to a person’s life. This website I have posted myself. I feel this website is very strong because it expresses a lot in full detail with some graphics to go along with to how dangerous this topic is to a person’s health.

Review of a Minor educational website

This website's topic is Alcohol and Liver Disease. The University of Montana has posted the website and it has great graphic's and organizes the information in sections to make is all flow together. The weakness it has is that there are no link's to outside websites to give the information provided a backup or more information.

The first page introduce's the Liver and its functions. This is very important because it provides a basic of the anatomy and physiology of the organ. For example, it explains how it "breaks down toxins and store's fat-soluble vitamins." The website also explain's what and how the other organs in the body work with the liver. Such as, "converts the products of protein metabolism into urea for excretion by the kidneys which will leave your body as urine."

The website has graphic's to co-inside with what the information in writing is saying. The second page explains the symptoms of liver disease and shows an image of a healthy liver and a liver with Cirrhosis. From this image you can see the difference in the texture of both livers. Like learned in class the website explains the liver " has the capacity to regenerate and people can function 10-20% of their liver, so the symptoms won't be prevaled until long into the disease."

The style of how the information is presented is important in getting the point across. Page three does just this by "getting to the point." Using the technique of bulleting the topic of the three types of Alcohol Induced Damage are introduced in a easy to read way. After each of the three types, subtitles explain the symptoms, outcome, and frequency. Altogether the reader can get the most out of the information presented.

Reviewed by: Melissa Richard

Wednesday, April 20, 2005

Melissa's second weblink